You should know that we could differentiate three types: thin-film, polycrystalline or multi-crystalline, and monocrystalline.
They come with a different appearance, materials, expenses, performance, and installation.
Everything depends on the type of option you wish to get, so we will provide you factors that will help you with the process. You should learn more about solar energy by checking here for additional info.
Every single one of them comes with particular benefits and disadvantages, which is why it is challenging to determine the best course of action for your particular requirements.
In the further article, we will explore the common questions about solar panels and their characteristics.
Different Types of Solar Panels
Solar cells come from a semiconducting material that can convert light into electricity, and that is the basic definition of how they operate. The most common material is silicon due to its semiconducting properties.
1. Polycrystalline and Monocrystalline Panels
You should know that both polycrystalline and monocrystalline panels come with silicon wafers. Therefore, to create them, you need to assemble wafers into columns and rows with an idea to create a rectangle. Finally, manufacturers add a glass sheet and frame them all together.
Even though both types come from silicon, but the composition is different within the material used for it. Generally, monocrystalline cells come from a pure and single crystal of silicon.
On the other hand, polycrystalline cells feature fragments of crystals that are melted and molded together before placed on wafers.
The technology is constantly advancing, which is why you should enter this site: https://www.energy.gov/science-innovation/energy-sources/renewable-energy/solar to learn more about it.
Compared with the first two mentioned in the paragraph above, thin-film panels come from various materials depending on numerous factors. The most common type comes from cadmium telluride, while you can get other materials that are more or less durable.
The best way to make this particular type of panel is to implement a layer of cadmium telluride between transparent conducting layers that can capture sunlight energy.
This particular type of technology comes with glass to improve its durability and protection. You can also find thin-film panels from amorphous silicon, which is similar to the ones mentioned above.
However, the composition is entirely different because it does not feature silicon wafers, but non-crystalline silicon is on the top of metal, plastic, or glass.
Finally, you can find copper indium gallium selenite panels that are also popular and come with two conductive layers, including steel, aluminum, plastic, or glass, as well as electrodes on the back and front of the material.
What Are Bifacial Solar Panels?
If you wish to find the panels that can capture sunlight energy from both the back and front of it, which means that you will get more electricity compared with traditional panels, you should consider bifacial ones.
Remember that most of them come with a transparent back sheet, which means that sunlight will go through it, reflect on the ground, and get back up to provide you with more electricity.
Of course, you should know that they are expensive, but you will save a significant amount in the long run.
Efficiency and Power Ratings
- Polycrystalline and Monocrystalline – Compared with other types, these two come with the highest power capacity and efficiency. Monocrystalline can reach up to 20% of efficiency, while polycrystalline efficiency goes between fifteen and seventeen percent. As you can see, monocrystalline options can generate more power than other types because they feature high wattage modules and efficiency. Therefore, they come with at least 300 watts of capacity, and in some cases, can exceed 400 watts.
- Thin-Film – When it comes to thin-film alternatives, they come with lower efficiencies than the first two. Of course, the efficiencies tend to vary depending on the material used, but they can reach up to eleven percent at most. Another essential consideration you should remember is that thin-film technology does not have standard sizes. Therefore, power capacity depends on its physical size, among other things.
If you wish to save money in the long run for energy bills and implement ways to protect the environment against toxicity, you should implement solar panels to help you along the way.
If you are asking yourself “which Titan solar panel is the best for you?” we recommend you to check out the link we shared for more information.
However, it is vital to choose the best type for your particular needs, which is why you need to conduct comprehensive research and call a professional to inspect and analyze your home before you choose.
That way, you can rest assured for years that will come.